They are triangular in shape and about the size of a thumb. The adrenal glands are known as endocrine glands because they produce hormones.
These hormones are involved in control of blood pressure, chemical levels in the blood, water use in the body, glucose usage, and the “fight or flight” reaction during times of stress. These adrenal-produced hormones include cortisol, aldosterone, the adrenaline hormones – epinephrine and norepinephrine – and a small fraction of the body’s sex hormones (estrogen and androgens).
Endocrine surgery for the removal of the adrenal gland is the preferred treatment for patients with adrenal tumors that secrete excess hormones and for primary adrenal tumors that appear malignant.
In the past, making a large 6 to 12 inch incision in the abdomen, flank, or back was necessary for removal of an adrenal gland tumor. Today, with the technique known as minimally invasive surgery, removal of the adrenal gland (also known as “laparoscopic adrenalectomy”) can be performed through three or four 1/4-1/2 inch incisions. Patients may leave the hospital in one or two days and return to work more quickly than patients recovering from open surgery.
Results of surgery may vary depending on the type of procedure and the patients overall condition. Common advantages are: Less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stay, quicker return to normal activity, improved cosmetic result, reduced risk of herniation or wound separation.
Although laparoscopic adrenal gland removal has many benefits, it may not be appropriate for some patients. Dr. Bhoyrul can evaluate patients and determine which are candidates. He is also fellowship trained in laparoscopic adrenalectomies.
To learn more about the endocrine surgery techniques used by Dr. Bhoyrul at Olde Del Mar Surgical, give us a call at 858.457.4917. Our office is convenient to both metro San Diego and North County.